We are discussing here To understand the history of the image and, in particular, the photographic image, one must consider ancient civilizations. Egyptian paintings and works of art are well documented, but it was not until the rise of the Roman Empire that portrait flourished. Roman portraits mainly took the form of a sculpture and it was particularly fashionable to represent an unflattering representation of the subject. Symbol of what the person was like.
The person was like
The development of photographic film towards the end of the 19th century replaced photographic plates. A host of technological advancements led to the emergence of the modern 35mm compact film cameras in use today. Costs were further reduced to the point where cameras became disposable in the mid-1980s.
Digital cameras were first commercialized in the early 1990s and saw the replacement of the film with a photon-sensitive chip and rewritable memory cards. There are many advantages when comparing the digital with the cinematographic. Despite being initially very expensive, digital film outperformed developed countries in 2002, and the technology is now cheap enough to allow disposable digital cameras.
Photography as a profession, as a hobby and part of popular culture, has become even more accessible thanks to digital technology to the point that the percentage of the UK population that owns a digital camera or a camera phone has increased 90% according to a recent survey.
Digital camera shipping volumes have increased year-over-year and totaled 7.5 million units in 2007.
Digital camera shipping volumes
Retouching covers everything from a modest upgrade to restoring and recovering an image that would otherwise be unacceptable. However, this is far from the truth.
Photo manipulation is as old as photography itself. Joseph Stalin regularly used photo retouching techniques for propaganda purposes as early as the 1920s.
Photoshopping is slang for digital photo editing; The original term of Adobe Photoshop, the image editor most used by professionals for this purpose. The 1980s saw the advent of digital retouching. The processing power required to manipulate large images has until recently been out of reach for most. Buying expensive, custom hardware from leading manufacturers at the time, Silicon Graphics and Apple Macintosh were inevitable.